Quantifying Humanist Final Project: Quantifying my Guilt

For my final project of Quantified Humanists I wanted to collect, analyze and visualize data related to triggers of my emotional misbalance during the semester, I started by trying to quantify the quality of my meals, the exercise that I did and the guilt that I felt every time that I ate something unhealthy or I didn’t exercise.

At the very beginning of the project I realized that I wasn’t actually interested in counting how many days did I exercise or how healthy my meals were, instead I was interested in the emotional impact that those moments had in me. Thinking about how I felt every time that I did something “wrong” I realized the Guilt was the common denominator in all of those moments. I started to get interested in understanding why did I feel guilt, how much guilt did I feel and what triggered that guilt. The ultimate goal of that collection was to identify events that have a negative impact in my mental health and being able to mitigate them by finding ways to better deal with my everyday moments of guilt.

The project started with the data collection, in order to have a way to collect that was easy to implement and maintain over time, I created a Google doc, and I installed a shortcut in the home screen of my phone so that I would have easy access to it.

After I finished the data collection process, the Google Form provided me with a preview of the data visualized in a traditional way, I realized immediately that these visualizations were not able to give the the knowledge that I was seeking since they sere individual data points instead of being correlations of information.

I downloaded the data in a .csv file and converted it to a .son so that I could use it as an input to create different graphics using p5.js. The conversion process was important for me to be able to have a well structured data file with all the information collected.

The first step of the design process was to sketch different ways in which the data could be visualized. Depending on the type of data and the correlations that I wanted to make (for example, trigger vs level of guilt) I created different ways of visualizing the data by using alternative graphics, different than just bar-charts or scatter plots.

After I decided which graphics to create and how to better visualize and correlate the information I started the development process in p5.js. I also created a in Sketch in which I defined the typography and the colors that I wanted to use in the sketch.

The final data visualization consists on three different charts and each one of them communicates a specific correlation of the previously collected information. The first chart shows all the individual moments of guilt (40 in total) and the strength (in a scale from 1 to 5) that I felt. I also used different colors to differentiate from each different trigger reason. The second chart shows an average of all the guilt moments by category and the strength to show how different those data points were between different triggers. Finally the third graphic shows the total amount and percentage of moments of guilt by time of the day, in general it is easier to understand that I normally feel more guilty during the night.

Final UI

I hope that this exploration of my feelings is going to help me prevent from having unjustified moments of guilt and hopefully be able to decrease the moments of guilt that I experience during the day and the negative effects in my mental health.

Critical Objects Final Project Proposal

After I presented my project YUZPE: Emergency Contraception for Costa Rica, three days after I read the amazing news that finally, after some time of discussion the government decided to allow the sanitary registration of “the day after pill” in Costa Rica.

I was really happy about it specially since I have beed working on my Critical Objects project related to that topic. I thought that this was the end of my criticism, however, a day after that news were release, the Catholic Church emitted an official position to the news.

Basically the Catholic Church is saying:

“ For the representatives of the Church, the pill is linked to abortion. In addition, they affirmed that they want to accompany these women and their children, show them the greatness of God's love, Lord of life and propose to all people of good will that the solution to the difficulties is not to eliminate the lives of the most defenseless, but to protect basic human rights, starting with the right to life and continuing with the rights to decent work, education, health and safety for women and their children.”

As I mentioned in my previous project, the problem comes from way back, there is no sexual education allowed in the country and children and adolescents don’t have enough resources when it comes to sex-ed which is leading to a big amount of adolescent birth rate. The lower income population is the one that suffer the most from the church and the society position to the issue therefore I would like to work on a Critical Object that speaks directly to this issue.

Topic: Lack of Sexual Education and access to health due to the intervention of the Church and the government in kids and teenager education (subject to change of focus as I do more research).

Group: Since I will continue working with a subject related to Costa Rica I decided to work alone.

Limitations: This is a project for a third world country, therefore there is no universal access to internet and also the population who are more affected by this policies and church intervention are the ones with less income, therefore low income will also be a limitation for my project.

Framework: I would like to stick to the regular design framework that I used for the YUZPE assignment: Research, Concept, Moodboard, Prototype, Testing and Implementation.

YUZPE: Emergency Contraception for Costa Rica

Emergency contraception is something that has been part of women’s lives for a long time in a lot of countries, however in Costa Rica, this is not the reality. My country is very Catholic minded and the politics are mostly dictated by religion, specially when it comes to body politics.

The sexual education is almost non existing, specially in public schools. Teacher are not allowed to talk about sexuality and reproductive health with students and even if they wanted to there is no class or curriculum that allow them to talk about this with their students. The problem goes beyond the classrooms because most of the families are still very close minded which means that children and adolescents (even young adults) don’t have the confidence to talk to their parents about these subjects.

When it comes to contraception methods, the lack of education causes that a lot of young women that are sexually active doesn’t know how to properly prevent a pregnancy, which leads to the fact that in 2016, 14.7 out of 100 new borns were from an adolescent mother (number that was celebrated as the lowest in the history of the country).

Costa Ricans have access to regular contraception pills over the counter, but there is no way to get the emergency contraception pill. No pharmaceutical company has ever register the drug (mostly because the way that the Catholic believes affect the laws and the decision making process in the Congress).

In the 70’s a researcher found a way to have emergency contraception using regular birth control pills: “The Yuzpe regimen is a method of emergency contraception that uses a combination of ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel. It is less effective and less commonly used than a larger dose of levonorgestrel alone, a dose of ulipristal acetate, or insertion of a copper intrauterine device”. Because it is possible to buy regular contraception pills over the counter it is possible to do the YUZPE method, however most women doesn’t even know this exist and they have no idea if exist or which kind of pills to buy and how to consume them.

Recently a company tried to finally register the drug, since it is not an abortive pill, the congress has to approve its use, however they are trying to find ways to make it more difficult for women to have access to it, for example, the commercialization of the pill will implicate that a medical prescription will be necessary and also, if it is implemented in the Social Security system, it will be only in cases of rape.

This is the beginning of my Critical Object for body politics. I wanted to create an emergency contraception kit with currently available pills in Costa Rica and an easy guide on how to use it and in which cases it is not possible to use, such as women in lactant periods, women over 35 y/o or women who smoke frequently (this is due the combination of two different hormones, instead of only one like is the case with pills like “Plan B”).

My process started defining the framework to use, starting with the research, mood-board and creating a prototype and finally the Design and Implementation. After I started the research, the sketching of ideas became a very crucial part of my design, I knew that the project was going to heavily rely on layout, graphic design and visual communication therefore I had to make sure that the layout design of the pills blisters was going to be the core of my project.

The next phase was to define a moodboard. I did benchmark research to understand how the packaging design of birth control pills has been done in the past. I also wanted to create a project with a 70’s look and feel to exemplify the fact that the YUZPE method was discovered in the 70’s however there have been a lot of newer findings (one pill that prevent the women from vomiting and allows to be taken by a wider range of the female population), however, in Costa Rica we are still using very old and insecure technique.

Moodboard

The next phase was the fabrication of the prototype. I started by creating the form in the laser cutter, after I defined the layout in Illustrator, I used the Vacuum Former in order to create the pills blisters (3 different ones) that are going to be placed inside a box. The final prototype consisted on 3 different pills blisters, with white paper to indicate the instructions on how to take the pills. The prototyping process allowed me to test and correct the size of the actual pills and quickly iterate in order to have a better final result.

The three blisters consist on:

  • Blister A: The desired scenario of having only one pill with one hormone that causes less nauseas and it is more effective. This blister is empty because we do not have access to this drug in Costa Rica.

  • Blister B: Contains two pink pills (anti motion sickness pills to prevent the women from throwing up) and eight combined (2 hormones) contraceptive pills.

  • Bister C: Since the combination of hormones is heavy for the system, the women is likely to vomit the pills, if this happens before one hour, she has to take them again.

Blister Description

Blister Description

I also designed an instructive on how to consume the pills. The time that the women needs to wait since they take the first wound until the second one is crucial and this information is normally difficult to find, specially it is difficult to visualize in an easy and intuitive way. The visual design was done paying attention to how to effectively communicate how to take the pills and how much time to wait.

The final design of the box and the blisters is a concept of a 70’s themed box that contains all the pills and the necessary information to “legally” practice an emergency contraception in Costa Rica using the YUZPE method.

Final Project | Critical Objects

For the final project I decided to continue working on the same line of the YUZPE pill, I noticed that the criticality of the empty pill was missing and I wanted to improve the design components that lead me to communicate the message in a better way. There were also aspects about the fabrication in the first iteration that I wanted to correct therefore I decided to continue the project.

After I presented my project YUZPE: Emergency Contraception for Costa Rica, three days after I read the amazing news that finally, after some time of discussion the government decided to allow the sanitary registration of “the day after pill” in Costa Rica.

I was really happy about it specially since I have beed working on my Critical Objects project related to that topic. I thought that this was the end of my criticism, however, a day after that news were release, the Catholic Church emitted an official position to the news.

Basically the Catholic Church is saying:

“ For the representatives of the Church, the pill is linked to abortion. In addition, they affirmed that they want to accompany these women and their children, show them the greatness of God's love, Lord of life and propose to all people of good will that the solution to the difficulties is not to eliminate the lives of the most defenseless, but to protect basic human rights, starting with the right to life and continuing with the rights to decent work, education, health and safety for women and their children.”

The group was asked to choose two limitations and a framework:

Limitations: This is a project for a third world country, therefore there is no universal access to internet and also the population who are more affected by this policies and church intervention are the ones with less income, therefore low income will also be a limitation for my project.

Framework: I would like to stick to the regular design framework that I used for the YUZPE assignment: Research, Concept, Moodboard, Prototype, Testing and Implementation.

Emergency Contraception pills
top view
3.png

Midterm: Pollution Inequality Factory

For the midterm assignment I worked with Stefan A Skripak, the first stage of our procvess was to sit together and discuss about a subject that was important for both of us, he have worked together in the past and we already knew that we care about some common issues therefore we started by discussing them. He both care about environmental and also racial problems and Stefan found a Scientific Paper that talks about the inequality of the pollution created vs the pollution received by different racial groups.

In summary the paper indicates that in the US, the white population creates more pollution (by consuming more products and services) than the Black and Latino population, however they receive less pollution (
based on the places where they normally live). At the same time the relationship is in-equal because the Black and Latino population create less population but they receive more.

For the assignment we decided to work with the following constrains:

Device: Incongruity

Attribute: Interactive

Mood: Frustration

We focus specially in the mood frustration because we wanted to be able to display the data by creating an interactive physical data visualization of the percentages extracted from the scientific paper and the frustration we wanted to be able to communicate by creating an unfair or inverse relationship between the action (consumption/creation of pollution) and the result (being affected by the pollution). In essence we knew we wanted to be able to communicate that even though the white population created more, they received less pollution, and make the users feel frustration by this in-equal distribution.

We considered gamification for being able to communicate the frustration in an easier way however we decided not to go for this approach because the intention will never be to encourage the users to create pollution, even if it is in a metaphoric way. We tried different ideas on how to be able to visually represent this unfairness, one of them was to play with gravity and visual illusions but the problem with this approach was the design component of it and how to be able to use metaphors for the consumption and the pollution.

We decided to work with the component of “Air Pollution” and “Plastic consumption” by using inflatable plastic bags based on the fact that we see a lot of plastic bags hanging from trees in NYC and this is something that frustrates us, therefore we wanted to use it in our favor.

Plastic bags on trees
plastic-in-trees.jpg

The next phase of the project was to prepare a quick prototype and materials for the feedback session that we had in the last class, the main goal for us was to test if we were being able to communicate the message correctly and we also wanted to receive feedback on what was the best was to inflate the plastics bags by using the user interaction with the piece and at the same time how to be able to use that interaction in order to imitate the human consumption.

Feedback Session subject and inspiration

Feedback Session subject and inspiration

The first proposal that we took to the class was to activate the fans by pushing buttons with three different timers, we envisioned this being used by 3 users at a time however we didn’t want to gamify the experience, therefore we also sketched some silicone pumps (one bigger than the others to communicate the fact that the white population consume more).

Sketches first proposal

Sketches first proposal

By sharing our Device, Attribute and Mood with the class and explaining our research and our ideas we were able to gather really good feedback and at the same time the location of the dots among the triangle gave us an idea that we were heading in the right direction because most of them were located to the center. We also figured out that the interaction with either the buttons or the silicone pumps was not intuitive and clear enough so we went ahead and continued the brainstorming. Another element that was still not solved was the form factor so we did some more research and sketches to define how we wanted the box and the containers to took like.

Parameters and triangle voting activity

Parameters and triangle voting activity

For the feedback session we also created a “works like” prototype to be able to test if the idea of inflating plastic bags with computer fans was going to work. We decided that this was a viable solution for our plan therefore we continued working with this functionality in mind.

works like prototype
works like prototype

For the second round of sketches we decided to work with a “factory” look and feel, in order to generate a shape that will use a metaphor as part of our communication system. We also reimagined the user interaction by creating 3 “trash cans” that each of them would have the size of the hole different according to the data extracted from the scientific paper. We also thought about limiting the amount of trash that each container could receive in order to be able to display the data in a more interactive way.

The way that we envisioned this working is by using IR sensors in order to detect when the user throws trash in a specific container, and sending that signal to be able to activate the computer fans in the bottom of the pipes.

sketch round 2
sketch round 2

For the fabrication we used mezonite for various reasons, the material cuts very good in the laser cutter, technology that we wanted to use in order to be able to fabricate the shapes in a more precise way, we also wanted top work with materials that are not (as) bad for the environment therefore we knew we wanted to avoid acrylic. The design process of the pieces for the containers took a lot of trial and error as well as tolerance considerations in order to be able to fit all the pieces together.

We used PVC pipes and painted them with two layers of black spray and after that we applied a metallic spray in order to imitate some factory pipes. The plastic bags process was long and it also took a lot of testing, we tried at least 5 different kind of plastic bags and decided to use compostable bags, we needed something thin that would allow us to inflate the bags quickly but at the same time to make it obvious when the bag was not inflation (when the fan is off).

It was necessary to cut and re-seal the bags in order to remove the logotypes in them and also to make them look like clouds or flumes. I used the heat gun in order to reseal them and also change the shape a little bit and make them less uniform.

Fabrication+process
Fabrication process

The final result is a structure constituted by three containers, each of which has a hole for the user to put trash on it, the three holes have different sizes, according to the amount of pollution produced due to consumption of products and services (numbers extracted from the scientific paper). The first container to the left represent the white population, therefore the hole is bibber, the bottom if the container is the floor (therefore there is more room to put trash, and the size of the bag that inflates is smaller, representing the fact that they produce more but receive less pollution. The other two containers to the right are the hispanic and Black population, which holes are smaller and also the containers have a limited amount of trash that can be put in, and also their plastic bags are bigger, representing the fact that those populations produce less but receive more pollution.

Final Result
1D6A9972.JPG
1D6A9999.JPG
1D6A9984.JPG

Data Intervention

For this weeks assignment I decided to work on top of the previous data collection and visualization app that I had adapted for correlating my feelings and emotions with the quality of the meals that I was eating and specifically in the aspect of eating alone vs eating with someone.

I wanted to create a way to quantify how many meals in total I have eaten alone and make a visual comparison vs the ones that I shared with someone and provide a message to encourage myself to try to share my meals more often since that is a good way to socialize and share conversation with friends during the day.

I started by creating a separate page for the “Intervention” that can be accesses from the home page where the individual visualizations for moods are stored. When the user clicks on “Intervention” the app will take him to a separate layout that will contain feedback on specifically the company on the meals.

Home page

Home page

The next step was to change the visualization of the grid since I wanted to eventually be able to create a horizontal bar chart. I added two different messages with changing colors according to the input that the user typed for the company field.

step1

Knowing that that might be a valid approach, I stylized the text and the icons to be similar than the icons used in the data input to be able to provide more consistency to the user.

Screen Shot 2019-03-24 at 7.07.42 PM.png

At this point I started to research how to create the bar charts with the data coming directly from the data input which was more complicated than I anticipated because checking for that number in p5 was not a good idea, therefore I had to go back to the database and the data collection in order to determine which numbers to use in order to create the bar chart.

Screen Shot 2019-03-25 at 2.50.02 PM.png

The last phase was to try to get the number of times that I ate with someone vs alone and compare it to the total amount of inputs. With that information I could visualize in the p5,js sketch or directly into the js file where I was receiving that data.

Screen Shot 2019-03-27 at 9.46.27 PM.png
Screen Shot 2019-03-27 at 9.46.38 PM.png

The end goal of my intervention was to be able to visualize if I was eating alone too many times in a row so that I could try to be more social during my meal times and hopefully improve my moods and feelings about the meal times.

I ended up breaking the sketch and I definitely believe that I was trying something way out of my knowledge, therefore I will continue with this idea for my final project and hopefully find a way to collect and visualize the information in the correct way.

Human Interface Device: Assistive mouse for users with Tremors

For the final project of Tangible Interaction Workshop I was assigned to develop a Human Interface Device (HID) using the mouse or keyboard libraries from Arduino. My interest since I started ITP have been to work on projects that will have a positive impact in people’s lives, therefore I immediately knew that I wanted to work on helping people with some kind of disability to improve the use conditions of the computer.

In my undergraduate program I took a class of “Ergonomics” as part of my Industrial Design Engineering carrier in which I developed a glass for people who suffer from Parkinson’s disease and/or hand tremors. The project was very interesting, I had access to users and I was able to test 3d printed prototypes in order to gather feedback, at the moment the project was completely independent from circuits or electronic components therefore my focus was the ergonomics and design of the glass and how to make sure that the proposal was going to meet the user needs. As I already had some knowledge of the disease and the hand movements and limitations I decided to focus my HID in this specific condition.

I started the research process by reading papers and articles on how to improve the use of a computer by implementing the system preferences for accessibility, which lead me then to do benchmark on physical products that had already been developed with Parkinson’s disease in mind. It was actually very interesting to see the lack of product design targeted for specific health conditions, I wonder if this could be accredited to the fact that the market is not big enough therefore big tech companies don’t focus their efforts on those illnesses because they are not as profitable as mass consumption artifacts. I believe that it is our responsibility as designers to not only design for the 80% of the population and instead make a conscious effort to push companies and our own design process to be more focussed on the other 20% of the population.

This is a collection of existing mouse devices focussed (or at least advertised) for users with Parkinson’s disease:

By doing a visual and aesthetic analysis with the previously designed mouse for the selected condition, it is easy to determine that most of them don’t take into consideration the look and feel and the end user’s needs. For example, taking into consideration that the average age at onset for Parkinson’s disease is 60 years old i decided to search for materials, textures and shapes that does not imitate toys or playful experiences, and instead focus on blending into the patients lives in a better and more organic way.

The ergonomic and functional components were very important in my research to determine how to propose a mouse that would be more appropriate for users with Tremors, by accepting the movement of the hand instead of trying to mitigate it. I believe that the biggest mistake from the mouses that I found as “accessible” or adapted for these conditions is that they try to avoid the tremor instead of accepting them as a fact and providing the users with the possibility to interact with the mouse no matter what their hand movement is.

As part of my design process I create some sketches that helped me define the way that users interact with the mouse and how the spacial distribution of the elements would provide a better user experience.

After I decided the form factor and the way that the components were going to be laid out I started the research process for materials and aesthetics, I knew that I wanted to pursue a more sophisticated look and feel specially because of the target audience. I also focus my research on soft materials, taking into consideration that the tremors cause the hand to move with variable intensity. therefore I need to make sure that I am not going to harm the users due to my material selection.

By searching online I became very interested in the compilation of the mouse pad and the mouse in one unified entity. The computer users are already used to use a pad and a mouse together, therefore, even though I will definitely break the mental model of a mouse, I will still use some existing models in order to create an experience that is not that disruptive and the user can feel more comfortable.

One of my main design goals was to create an external aid that wouldn’t look too weird or visually overwhelming for the users and instead create a product that could blend in the regular workplace, or the space where the users interact with the computer at home.

The fabrication process started by testing the buttons, I decided to create my owns since I didn’t want to use regular arcade buttons that wouldn’t fit with the visual design that I wanted to achieve. I worked with pushbuttons inserted in laser cut pieces of compressed cardboard. I later covered all the circles with
pillow stuffing and leather.

The next step was to test in cardboard the sizes of the octagon, I tested two different sizes and I decided to go for the 10 in size one (the bigger that I tested) because I wanted to provide the user with more space and separation between the buttons in order to prevent involuntary movements.

The next step was to laser cut the cork (two 10 in octagons). I edged the top octagon with arrows in order to give more visual guidance to the users and I also did 5 holes for the buttons to be inserted and secured. My original intention was to sew the two cork octagons however the one that I bought was too thick therefore I decided to hot glue the two pieces which ended up being a very good choice because it didn’t show and it created a very secure joint.

The final result is a mouse that allows the user who suffer from tremors to navigate in the screen by pressing the buttons with any part or position of the hand that they find more comfortable, the weight of the hand will activate the pushbutton inside so they don’t have to make a lot of pressure to be bale to activate them, which is very important because those users (depending on how advance the condition is) might not have a lot of control over the strength in their hands. The mouse connects via USB to the computer.

Final Design

Final Design

Final Design Top View

Final Design Top View

Data Selfie and Express tutorial

For this week we had two different assignments, the first one was to run the data selfie app and try to make some changes to it and the second one was to complete the express tutorial. I decided to dedicate more time to slowly go throw the express tutorial and be able to understand what I was doing. My goal was to reach the end of the tutorial by having an overall understanding of what I was doing and how I might use this in future projects.

I started with the Data Selfie project, I ran it, deleted Joey’s (very funny) selfies from the db document in order to be able to populate it with only my selfies.

Deleting Joey's selfies from db

Deleting Joey's selfies from db

I didn’t know if I was going to be able to add a new element to the form therefore I decided to start by creating a concept around the selfie collection and change the colors of the font and background. I started by collecting selfies every time I was feeling like I didn’t know what I was doing (I probably escaped a lot of those moments).

Weird selfies collection

Weird selfies collection

Since I have been trying to keep track of how I feel around food and how it makes me feel, I decided to use the selfie collection to track the moments when I feel “Hangry”, a combination between being hungry and angry, which happens very frequently since I tend to eat a lot of snacks, however sometimes I just stay at the floor and for different reasons, end up being hungry in front of the computer. I decided to collect those moments and document them with a selfie and a reason (text input) for me to indicate the app why am I hungry? what is the reason why? Did I escape a meal time? did I forget my food at home?, did I get too invested in a project and I forgot to buy lunch? (and the list continues….).

New data input

New data input

I also change the text instructions for the data collection and I added a text field with a placeholder indicating: “Why are you hangry?”. This is how the data collection screen looks like:

Data log + new text field

Data log + new text field

I didn’t continue focussing on this assignment because I wanted to dedicate more time to the Express tutorial, which I found very clear and I followed until the end. It was very interesting to see how powerful creating my own API can feel and the amount of possibilities that I have now with this new tools. These are some screenshots from the Express tutorial.

Express tutorial using postman

Express tutorial using postman

Running the p5.js sketch

Running the p5.js sketch

Paper Review: Participatory design with children with autism

This is a summary and reflection about the paper: Participatory design with children with autism (L Millen, S V G Cobb, H Patel) from VIRART, Human Factors Research Group, University of Nottingham.

Introduction

In the context of education there has been some discussion concerning the role that children can take to inform design of instructional technology. Some researchers have moved from concentrating solely on children’s involvement as design partners in the development of technology, to their role as “Experience Design Partners”.

The involvement of end-users directly in the design process can be useful to inform adequate design however, this process can be difficult, particularly when end-users have special needs that affect their ability to communicate their views. Individuals with Autism are rarely involved in educational software development and this might be one of the reasons why most of the products are inadequate.

This paper present methods used for participatory design with typically developing children and adaptations to these methods for children with autism spectrum conditions.

Participatory Design with Children

The activity Block Party involves the children building a tower together out of blocks in the virtual environment. This first study was performed with typically developing children from a mainstream primary school (2x10 y/o and 4x11 y/o). Kids were asked to perform three different Design Game Activities:

  1. Tell us about the computer games you use and what you like about them.

  2. Think about the computer games that you play at school and at home. What makes a good game?

  3. In pairs, design a virtual game for a 12 y/o child who find it difficult to interact with others.

In summary the activities were fairly open-ended and students often had to be reminded of the overall aim of the computer game as their imagination took them in many directions. In some areas the activity was not constrained enough to gain information that could be directly fed back into concept elaboration.

Adaptation of participatory design methods for children with ASC.

Understanding User Needs: Children with autism has a series of cognitive considerations.

  • Limited language.

  • Poor imagination skills.

  • Rigidity of thought process.

  • “Theory of mind” When it is impossible to imagine another person’s mental state.

  • Learning difficulties, the level of ability and understanding may not be sufficient.

Adaptation of Method:

The freedom given to the typically developing students meant that they often forgot that the purpose of the game should be to encourage children to make friends. The task should be more constrained and with a structured environment in order to encourage students with autism to participate.

Prototype review with Autism:

A review session was carried out with five students (16 and 17 years old) with autism spectrum during the students weekly class by their teacher. It was decided that the review session must be carried out as a group activity and would only focus on the initial training stage of the activity.

A feedback sheet was given to the students containing screenshots from various stages of Block Party interaction. The students had to select between three different options:

  • Like

  • Dislike

  • Not Sure

The group played the training program by taking turns. The students were encouraged to give positive and negative feedback, knowing that there is no right or wrong answer. All of the students engaged very well with the activity.

Observations and outcomes:

Overall the method was very successful, sufficiently structured and supported by the teacher to meet the needs of students with Autism. One student struggled with a slight inconsistency between the screenshot on the worksheet and the actual view that the program had been paused at. The session did highlight the fact that children with autism often pick up on very small inconsistencies that could cause problems. with the help and support from an experienced teacher these occurrences can be effectively managed.

Scenario Design with Autism:

Although it is imperative that researchers approach these sessions organized and well prepared, there should always be an awareness that the method may need to change at short notice. The abilities of children with Autism varies a vast amount and therefore the method presented here may not be ability appropriate. It is important to always discuss and adapt plans with school contact prior to the visit.

Observations and outcomes:

The scenario design method was trialled with three students with autism aged 13 and 14 years over the course of two hours. The activity was supposed to last only one hour however the students were enjoying the activity and the supervising teacher asked if they could continue.

Initially, discussion was a little hard to generate but when presented with the drawing tasks the students became much more involved. One student in particular who is usually reluctant to engage in conversations was voicing extremely interesting ideas.

The use of personas had mixed results. When informed that the group would be designing the game for this fictional children kids reacted with: “But Why? They’re just on paper” and “ Are we going to meet them?”. The use of this tool needs further consideration.

The decision space for the student was still too vast and relied heavily on the student’s imagination. With the students struggling the researcher decided to take a break and drew sketches as an example. There was still reluctance to put pen to paper. The researcher offered to start the drawing and then the students suddenly started to take over the drawing. The students were motivated by their own drawings and this created a domino-like effect of ideas.

Conclussions

Involving users through the technology design process is important and useful. Achieving the involvement of children with autism requires careful consideration. Children with autism should not be excluded from the design process. Not only is this process beneficial for us as design team but it is also an important opportunity for the children where they are encouraged to voice their opinions.

Lo-Fi Toy Prototype Feedback

For the Lo-Fi Toy Prototype ( originally posted by Lydia ) we were asked to present in class and document the feedback received during the demonstration. The plan was originally to test with kids however we did the test with the host professor Alex, who came to our class and reviewed our ideas.

Team members: Lydia, Veronica, Arnab.

Our toy consists on a sound collector companion that the kid can take around in order to collect sounds and interact with the visualizations that happen in the belly, that are going to be affected by the kind of sounds that are being collected. The main purpose of the user testing was to understand if kids are interested in collecting an input (sound in this case) and having the toy displaying it in a different output (visuals/ colors).

IMG_20190301_120712.jpg
Lo-Fi Toy Prototype

We had to explain all of our thought process, starting by the ideation and also how our fabrication and coding processes affected the final result of the prototype. The next step was to make a demo with the toy functionalities. Our hypothesis was that the users were going to hold the toy and walk around collecting different sounds, however we realized that they stayed in only one place, probably because the toy was not intuitive enough about the change in the visualization according to the pitch of the sound.

This was our first and very valuable observation because it did’t depend on what users told us, but instead in what we observed during the testing period. The users started making weird sound and clapping to the toy to try to identify what was causing the change in the patterns and colors. We immediately noticed that the users in the class knew about programming so they were probably trying to identify which sound parameters we used to map the output in the visualization.

Having noticed that our audience wasn’t going to give us the feedback that we expected from kids, we decided to start asking for more design/interaction focussed feedback. In that moment we started receiving very interesting ideas surrounding our original proposal but augmenting the “storytelling” around the interaction.

We received the very interesting feedback to create a Science Companion that helps the kid to collect temperature, environmental data, rocks, etc. With that data provide the kid with the possibility to do a palette of the collection that can be later used to create different outputs.

Example: The Science companion helps the kid to collect rocks, the kid create a palette of rocks that can be later used in order to create a brand new rock. 

We intend to incorporate some of this feedback, we are still missing the very important factor of testing with kids and understanding if they find this change between input/output by exploring their environment interesting and playful in the same way that we are imagining.

For our next steps, we took a pattern making class in order to remake the toy in a more three-dimensional shape that will look more polished, we also decided to provide the kid with the possibility of using the companion as a Fanny bag, therefore we will have to work on adjustable straps. In the coding and interaction we are planning on exploring more obvious ways to generate the change between the input and the output in order to motivate the kids to move and collect more variety of sounds.


Critical Objects Week 5: The Compraventa Jersey

Team:

  • Cara Neel

  • Veronica Alfaro

Prompts: Wearable device using amplification to produce excitement.

For third third assignment we were constraint to three different cards that defined our prompt and also we were asked to Create a Critical Object to start the conversation about a technology related subject. We decided to work with a dataset that I downloaded from my Facebook’s personal data request that I have done a month ago. The JSON file is called Advertisers who uploaded a contact list with your information and contained more than 80 brands/artists who have used my data to (probably) profit from it.

Understanding the data was very interesting because the list contained artists and brands that I have never hear about before, for example I visited “Elsewhere” a bar in Bushwick at the beginning of last semester, and as part of the elements in the JSON file there were a lot of Electronic music Artists that I have never heard before, who have performed in Elsewhere, so this made me question the way that this information is acquired and spread.

JSON File from Facebook

JSON File from Facebook

As part of our design concept we decided to use those data points as logos, since those brands somehow managed to use my personal information to make a profit out of it, we wanted to create a Critical Object that would expose those brands and the user would use their body as a mean of communication and display of those brands, and give them “free advertisement”. We used a (very Latin American) design concept. In my hometown (Grecia, Costa Rica) the soccer team is very small and the don’t have funding from the government, therefore they need to use a lot of brands in their uniforms in order to support themselves, they use their uniforms and their bodies as a way of advertisement and promote the brands with their consent, therefore we wanted to use this design concept for our Critical Object.

Design Concept, Grecia Soccer team, Costa Rica.

Design Concept, Grecia Soccer team, Costa Rica.

We started by collecting every logo from the JSON file list, some of them were easier to find, however some of them were more difficult, specially the ones corresponding to the artists who have performed in Elsewhere, these data entries were particularly of more interest for me because I know that I have never interacted with those brands/ artists before so I made sure I was able to collect and visualize all the brands in the list. The original idea was to print the logos in Transfer paper and be able to iron them into a T-shirt, it was not possible to achieve this aesthetic due to lack of that technology in NYC (it took us some time to research about places who would do the transfer of more than 80 logos in a short period of time) therefore we decided to print the logos and laminate them, then put them into a sports Jersey to display our concept.

Searching logos

Searching logos

The last part of our concept was to create a QR code that the user can scan from the Jersey and it would display information about myself and social media links that people could access. We used some kind of sarcastic speech in order to start the conversation about the critique that we intended to make.

“Buy or sell Veronica’s information” Join all this vendors who have found a way to make a profit off of Veronica’s social media profiles!

We also incorporated some descriptions for each social media link, for example Facebook would say: Look at her photos from high school, Instagram would say: Look at her curated photos, and LinkedIn would say: Let’s get that employment history!

QR code scan

QR code scan

Social media links with descriptions

Social media links with descriptions

The final design is “The Compraventa Jersey”, we decided to use a word in spanish “Compraventa” that means buy or sell, that matched our visual inspiration from Latin America and also communicated the end goal of the Object. The Jersey is a way to communicate and critique the fact that we as Facebook users agree on their Terms and Conditions, probably without knowing that all of this Vendors are making a profit out of our choice to join Facebook, and at the same time, we somehow know that this is a “free service” that is being supported by advertisement, therefore it is our choice to willingly provide our information and expose ourselves. The Critical Object uses amplification in the fact that we are augmenting the brand exposure in our bodies and it generates excitement when the user scan the QR code and is able to access all my personal information.

Front Design
Back Design
IMG_0574.JPG
IMG_0565.JPG

The video shows how the user will scan the QR code and retrieve my personal information with their phones.